Types of Victimization

Child Abuse/Neglect

The lifetime impact of child abuse and neglect points to the importance of primary prevention, and the critical role that schools can play as a vehicle for child abuse prevention education directed to children and families.

Child Maltreatment Statistics

Disposition

Age of victims rate per 1,000
<1 – 3 years = 27.3%
<1 Year old 23.1 per 1,000
1 Year old 11.8 per 1,000
2 Years old 11.4 per 1,000
3 Years old 11.0 per 1,000
3 – 5 years 19.7%
8 – 11 years = 30.4 per 1,000
Total 0 – 11 years = NOTE IN DATA BASE %

(Note: MBF Child Safety Matters™ targets 5- 11 year old students or approx. 42% of maltreatment)

Sex of victims
Female 48.7%
Male 50.9%

Race of victims
White 44%
Hispanic 22.4%
African American 21.2%

Perpetrator Relationship
91.4% of perpetrators were parents
20.3% Fathers alone
40.7% Mothers alone
3.7% were relatives other than parents
6.8% Unknown Perpetrators
< 1% each:
Childcare provider
Legal guardian
Foster parent
Friends and neighbors
Other professional
Other relative
Group home staff

Source for US Statistics:
Child Maltreatment 2013
presents national data about child abuse and neglect known to CPS agencies in the US during Federal fiscal year (FFY) 2009. The data were collected and analyzed through the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS), which is supported by the Children’s Bureau.

Consequences of Abuse/Neglect and Other Victimization

Children who suffer from physical abuse and/or neglect are more likely to suffer from physical injuries and or behavioral and emotional consequences, cognitive delays, impaired development and consequently poor academic achievement.

The Adverse Childhood Experiences Study found that early exposure to adverse childhood experiences which includes physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, as well as neglect; violence; household dysfunction; parental substance abuse or mental illness; and an absent parent are strong predictors of later health problems and early mortality.

These studies found that the more adverse experiences in childhood, the greater the likelihood of health and social problems as an adult, including risk taking behaviors and a shortened life span.

Sources:
Adverse Childhood Experiences – Centers For Disease Control:
www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/ace
Child Welfare Information Gateway. (2008) Long-term consequences of abuse and neglect. Retrieved from http://www.childwelfare.gov/can/impact/longterm
Trickett, P. K., & McBride-Chang, C. (1995). The developmental impact of different forms of child abuse and neglect. Developmental Review 15, 311-337

Societal Impact of Abuse/Neglect

In addition to the consequences to children, there are also long-term impacts to society:

Total annual direct and indirect costs to society in the US are estimated to be about $103.8 billion.

Source:
Prevent Child Abuse America

Yet, perhaps the most important impact of child abuse and neglect is the longer-term impact to families. When children grow up in homes where their needs are not met, and if they later become parents themselves, they often have not learned effective parenting skills. They may also lack the social skills to obtain help, and experience emotional problems that affect their ability to receive help that is offered.

As adults, the victims of childhood abuse can feel hopeless, helpless, mistrustful, and often depressed. They are more likely to have substance abuse problems, experience domestic violence, and engage in criminal behaviors which complicate and compound their problems. Therefore, as adults, these children are more likely to fall into the vicious cycle of failing to meet the needs of their own children. This unfortunate repetition influences future generations, our communities, and our society as a whole.


Bullying and Cyberbullying

Bullying Statistics

Sources:
1
https://d3n8a8pro7vhmx.cloudfront.net/ themes/ 51172dcc1ad07a63d6000002/ attachments/original/1361410989/ 1_FramingBullyingforEducators.pdf?1361410989
2
http://www.stopbullying.gov/news/media/ facts/#listing
http://www.bullyingstatistics.org/content/ bullying-statistics.html
3
Brewster, C., & Railsback, J. (2001). Schoolwide prevention of bullying. Portland, OR:
Northwest Regional Education Laboratory.
4
http://www.pacer.org/bullying/about/media-kit/stats.asp
5
CDC.gov

Cyberbullying Statistics

Cyberbullying Source:
Enough is Enough: http://www.internetsafety101.org/ cyberbullyingstatistics.htm


Domestic Violence

Victimization of this type occurs across the lifespan, from dating violence to elderly couples, in both heterosexual and same-sex relationships. Although both men and women experience domestic violence, approximately ¼ of US women report being a victim some time in their lives.

Domestic violence, also known as Intimate Partner Violence, includes controlling, demeaning, and abusive, behaviors between intimate partners. Such behaviors may include threats, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, and/or physical violence.

According to Collins (1999) and Tjaden & Thoennes (2000), between 25% and 31% of US women report having been a victim of domestic violence at some point in their lives. Although the majority of victims of domestic violence are women, it is important to acknowledge that men are also victims of domestic violence, and that in some situations both partners may engage in violent behavior.

For more information about the impact of domestic violence on children, please visit the National Child Traumatic Stress Network website.


School Violence

According to the National Child Traumatic Stress Network, 1 out of every 4 children attending school has been exposed to a traumatic event that can affect learning or behavior. In the case of school violence, that experience could range from fights to school shootings, and many children have been victims of serious violent crimes, either at school or on their way to and from school.

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network has a robust library of resources available for school personnel. Visit their site to learn more.


Community and Gang Violence

Community violence includes intentional acts of public, interpersonal violence not committed by persons related to or close to the victim. Bullying, gang fights, and shootings are often included in this type of victimization. These events typically happen without warning, and consequences often include fears, phobias, anxiety and panic for victims.

For additional information about community and gang violence and its impact on children, visit the National Child Traumatic Stress Network website.